Science & Technology

what are the types of septic system ?

A septic system is an underground wastewater treatment structure, commonly utilized in villages without integratedsewer system. These systems use anarrangementof nature and proven technology to treat wastewater from household plumbing produced by laundry, kitchen drains, andbathrooms.

Types of Septic System

A septic system has the following major types:

1) Aerobic Treatment Unit

Aerobic treatment systems (ATU) use most of the same processes as urban wastewater treatment plants, but on a small scale. The aerobic system pumps oxygen into the tank to purify the plants. Add oxygen, increasing the natural response to the activity of the system, which then, in the subsequent processing of nutrients from wastewater. Some aerobic septic systemsinclude the disinfection process in order to further reduce the number of pathogenic bacteria.

The advantages of this system are that it can use in houses with non-plots, unsuitable soil conditions, as well as in areas where the ground water level is very high, or because the houses are close to each other, differ in the surface of the water, sensitive to food contamination and sewage. For ATUS must wait in regularly, service life, maintenance.

2) Septic Tank Pump

A submergedseptic tank pump is designed and built to receive and partially purify both raw materials and domestic wastewater. The heavy particles are located at the bottom of the warehouse, at the same time, equally elastic and lighter particles go up. Solid particles remain in the tank, and waste water flows into the drainage field for future treatment and distribution.

3) Conventional Septic System

A centralized wastewater treatment system consists of septic tank and trench or reservoir system, leakage of underground wastewater (drainage field). In a conventional septic tank system, it is usually defined by a single-family home or small businesses.

Gravel-stone, drainage field, is the design you have, and has been for decades. The name refers to drainage field. This design drains waste water that flows into a septic tank in shallow underground pits, rocks, or gravel. A geofabric or similar material places on top of a trench so that sand, dirt and other contaminants are not used, and a clean stone is used.

In this system, the waste water filters through the floor and then further treated with microbes and they are when the land is under gravel and rock peace.”

The pebble and stone system have a relatively large, shared carbon footprint and may not be suitable for all residential areas, neighborhoods, or phenomena.

4) Chamber septic system

Gravel-free drainage in the area has been widely used for over 30 years in many countries, while the common technique that replaces the system is. They come in a variety of shapes, including open-bottomed chambers, cloth-wrapped pipes, and other synthetic materials like polystyrene and other synthetic media. Gravity-free with a production system can be repeated material and provide a significant cost savings on carbon emissions.

The main advantage of a proprietary system is the improvement and simplification of delivery and design. They are also well suited for areas with high groundwater levels, and the amount of investment going into the septic system is variable (for example, a country house or hotel season, in an area where gravel or less requires other methods, such as plastic, ready-made house).

This type of system consists on a series of chambers. The area around and above the chambers that are filled with earth. The pipe carries the reservoir for the parliament building. The rooms have sewage that comes in contact with the ground. Microbes in the ground or on the ground, for wastewater treatment.

5) Drip Distribution Septic System

A drip distribution system is a kind of septic system that can be used in various types of drainage fields. The main advantage of a drip distribution system is that you don’t need a large mound of ground, but rather that the drop or drop covers are included, with the top 6-12 inches off the ground. The sin of a drip distribution system is that it requires a large tank volume for the tank to accommodate a temporary dosage of water supply to the drop ingestion area. Additional elements, such as electrical current, are required for the system, which requires additional costs and high maintenance.

6) Mound Septic System

A system of embankments in areas of shallow depth, soil, ground water, high level or shallow bedrock. The designed sand of the mound septic system a drainage trench. The waste water that the septic tank receives enters the pumping chamber, from where the mounds are pumped, and doses are set. Wastewater is treated, discharged into the ground and filtered by sand, and then under the conditions specified in the native land.

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