Things you didn’t know about Al Saud ever before
Today we will talk about the things you didn’t know about Al Saud ever before. So let’s talk about Al Saud :
Al Saud family
The Saud family dates back to the 18th century to a local Sheikh Saud bin Muhammad of the Arabian Peninsula.
Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world name after a local ruler born two centuries ago. Sheikh Saud’s son Muhammad allied himself with the flamboyant religious scholar Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab in 1744.
Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab upraised the slogan of “Return to Pure Islam”. From here the proliferation of Wahhabi ideology starts.
The descendants of Saud bin Muhammad were later beaten by the Ottoman forces (Turkey) in 1818.
Saud dynasty retakes control of Riyadh
But after six years, the Saud dynasty retakes control of Riyadh, the center of desert power. In 1902, Abdul Aziz bin Saud further strengthened his power throughout his opponent Rashidi tribe from Riyadh.
However, after that, Abdul Aziz continued to fight with different tribes and defeated them, and united many areas. This continued and in 1913 gained control of the Gulf Coast.
On the other hand, in 1918, the Ottoman Empire defeats in Saudi Arabia. Abdul Aziz bin Saud founded what is now Saudi Arabia in 1932 and demonstrate himself as king.
Abdul Aziz bin Saud’s power
Then Abdul Aziz bin Saud’s power increased because he married the daughters of many tribal chiefs. Today the total number of members of this royal family is about 25 thousand. While the number of influential princes is about 200.
Oil production in Saudi Arabia began in 1938. After it, Saudi Arabia became one of the richest countries in the world.
Abdul Aziz bin Saud has a total of 45 sons. Abdul Aziz, the founder of the Saudi state, died on November 9, 1953, and Saud was appointed his successor.
On November 2, 1964, Shah Saud was deposed on charges of corruption and incompetence. However, his half-brother, Shah Faisal took power. King Saud died in exile in 1969.
King Faisal assassination
Faisal, the architect of modern Saudi Arabia, assassinate in March 1975 by a nephew. It was said at the time that the killer was mentally unstable.
The Faisal Mosque in Islamabad and the Punjab city of Faisalabad name after Saudi King Faisal. The rule of Saudi Arabia then passed to Shah Faisal’s half-brother, Shah Khalid, who ruled until his death in 1982.
After that, King Fahd became the ruler and he appointed King Abdullah. He was two years younger than him, as the Crown Prince during his lifetime.
King Fahd suffered a stroke in 1995, after which King Abdullah performed most of his duties. However, King Fahd replace by King Abdullah and died in 2005.
In addition, King Abdullah, who died on January 23, 2015, was replaced by his half-brother Salman bin Abdulaziz.