A concept of leadership is a general abstract concept about what it means to lead. It is a set of
rules, principles and ethical obligations that a leader develops for a specific group or
organisation. The concept of leadership covers aspects of people’s behaviour, motivation and
leadership. It also includes understanding the essential role of resources in building an effective
Leadership is generally seen as an ability to lead people successfully. It is also described as the
ability to shape and direct other people’s actions, or their own behavior. In informal groups,
leadership occurs through the selection of leaders who act as “helper leaders” who guide their
followers towards achieving certain tasks or goals. On the other hand, leadership occurs when
the leader alone is capable of leading his followers towards a specific objective. Leaders can be
considered as individual contributors or groups of individuals who possess unique qualities such
as abilities, talents, characteristics and personality traits.
Leadership is about the control of power and influence. It can also be defined as the ability to
shape and direct other people’s actions and decisions. A leader requires certain characteristics
that are not common among all leaders but are necessary in order to become successful in
leadership. Being highly intelligent, having exceptional leadership skills and being motivated are
some of these essential traits of a successful leader. These traits help a person to identify
problems and take appropriate remedial action, as well as inspire others to achieve similar
Many think of leadership in terms of traditional classroom leadership styles, with the leader
leading a group of followers. However, leadership has a much wider scope and can be applied in
different contexts. A common approach to leadership is described in the context of situational
leadership. This type of leadership model assumes that all leaders are committed to the same
overall objective and use different tactics and techniques in achieving this objective.
Situational leadership can be applied to groups of workers, students, customers, or even
communities. Under the situational leadership model, the leader establishes a position of
authority based on his/her skills and qualities and the group of followers follow the leader in
deciding how they will accomplish the group goals. The leader may require members of the
group to commit to achieving certain levels of achievement. If the group is not united, then there
is no possibility for the leader to lead them towards achieving common goals.
In an effectiveleadership model, the leader recognizes that each subordinate has his/her own
unique set of personal goals and objectives. The leader realizes that his/her decisions affecting
subordinates cannot always be trusted. However, all of the subordinates in the group have the
same overall goal, so a strong bond of trust between the leader and each subordinate develops
quickly and is maintained throughout the process of group goals succession planning.
The concept of leadership also includes the concept of organizational culture. An organizational
culture is a way of thinking, behaving, and interacting within an organization that inspires loyalty
from all employees. It is created by the values, beliefs, and actions of all employees at every
level of the organization and is communicated repeatedly by the leadership to all employees. In
addition, the leader develops the organizational culture through his/her examples and directives.
In a hierarchical culture, the leader establishes the rules of behavior and ensures that
subordinates conform to them.
A key concept of leadership involves leadership motivation. Leaders are often perceived as the
key drivers of change in organizations. Motivation refers to the ability of leaders to foster a sense
of devotion, enthusiasm, and a willingness to take risks in order to bring about change.
Additionally, leaders are known to foster a sense of order and fairness among their employees.
Motivation is also related to the leader’s ability to recognize what motivates employees and
motivate them to work harder and reach organizational goals.