Today we will give you detailed information about Apollo 11 the moon mission. When we look at the night sky, we see the brightest moon in a large sky. Because the moon is much closer to our earth than other objects. Moon is about 384,400 kilometers away from us. Its diameter is 3474 kilometers. Which completes one revolution around the earth in 29 days, 12 hours, and 45 minutes. Due to which the weather on our earth remains stable. And the oceans move at a steady pace. However, because of the moon, we are living a good life on earth today.
Russia launched the Luna 2 spacecraft
On August 17, 1957, the USA Force launched the first mission to the moon. But unfortunately, it failed. Then on September 12, 1959, Russia launched the Luna 2 spacecraft, which became the first spacecraft to land on the moon, and the same year Russia sent the Luna 3 spacecraft to the moon. After that, Russia became the first country to send a spacecraft to the moon. Which began the space race between the United States and Russia.
NASA launched the Apollo 8
After that, the US president decided to send humans to the moon to overtake Russia in the space race. On December 21, 1968, NASA launched the Apollo 8, which had 3 astronauts. Which was the first spacecraft to carry humans to the moon. But this mission did not have to land on the surface of the moon. It was only to orbit the moon.
Apollo 11 spacecraft
On July 20, 1969, was the day when man first set foot on the moon. In the 20th century, this was one of the greatest achievements. Launched on July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 spacecraft carried Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins to the moon. On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to step on the moon. More than a million people watched the event live. And more than 60 million people watched it on TV.
On July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 spacecraft was launched from the Canadian Space Station at 9:30 a.m. on a Saturn 5 rocket. Its speed was 40,220 kilometers per hour. Which reached the orbit of our earth in just 12 minutes. And the Earth’s orbiting Saturn 5 rocket began to move towards the moon. And exactly 30 minutes later, the Saturn 5 rocket separated from the Apollo spacecraft.
Parts of the Apollo spacecraft
Now here, Let me tell you about the Apollo spacecraft parts. The top part of the Apollo spacecraft is called the ‘launch escape system’ and the bottom part is called the ‘command module’. In which astronauts sit and operate spacecraft. At that time it was operated by Michael Collins. Below is the ‘Services module’. Which acts like a rocket. With the help of which the command module moves forward. And even below that is the ‘lunar module’. Also called lander. And beneath it was a Saturn 5 rocket. When the Saturn 5 rocket orbited the Earth and moved toward the Moon, then exactly 30 minutes later the Saturn 5 rocket separated from the service module and proceeded toward the Moon with the Lunar module. In which Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were present.
On July 19, the Apollo 11 spacecraft landed on the back of the moon. The tranquility base was chosen to land the lander on the surface of the moon. Because this place was perfect for landing. Which was detected by Ranger 8, Surveyor 5, and Lunar Orbiter spacecraft. Michael Collins, who was sitting in the command module, was setting Landel’s location so that the Lunar module could easily land on the surface of the moon. Neil and Aldrin then started the lander’s engine and began preparing to land on the surface of the moon.
The Apollo 11 spacecraft was then 4 seconds ahead of schedule. This meant that they could move several miles beyond the planned location. That’s when the computer in the lander started giving danger signals. And Armstrong saw his spacecraft take him to the big rocks. However, Armstrong turned off the automatic control of the spacecraft. And began to operate the spacecraft itself.
Then, on July 20, at 8:17 a.m., the two astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed the Lunar Module safely on the surface of the moon. At the time, the spacecraft down engine had only 14 seconds of fuel left, which meant that if it had been a little longer, they could have had a major accident. But the luck was with them. And they managed to land safely on the surface of the moon.
Landing of Apollo 11 on the moon
Neil Armstrong named the landing place of Apollo XI as Tranquility Base and sent a message to the ground that it is Tranquility Base. And we’ve landed. Buzz Aldrin sent a message to Earth before stepping on the surface of the moon. He said, “thanks to God first”. And pray for the fulfillment of this mission. After six-and-a-half hours of the Apollo 11 landing, Neil Armstrong took his first step on the surface of the moon, saying it was just a small step for man. But for humanity, this is a huge challenge.
Armstrong hoist the American flag on the moon
The next two and a half hours were spent by these two astronauts taking pictures, collecting samples, and collecting stones. After that, they launched the Early Apollo Scientific Experiment Package. They began to prepare to hoist the American flag. This work took them more than two hours.
However, they began broadcasting live from the surface of the moon. Which was black and white. Which was seen by more than 60 million people. Armstrong took some pictures of his spacecraft. They collected some more soil samples and recorded the moon surface scene with the help of a camera.
They both jumped on the surface of the moon like kangaroos. He later said that the soil there was very slippery. And it was as fine as powder. Due to which it was very difficult for them to walk on the surface of the moon. The two then waved the US flag together.
They spoke on the phone with the President of the United States. The two placed 22-kilogram sample boxes in the lantern. And then the Armstrong returned to the spacecraft. They hoist a flag on the surface of the moon, left some stuff, and plate thereon which was signed by the President of the United States. After it, they reconnected the Lunar module with their rocket and began their journey towards Earth.
Apollo 11 spacecraft returned to Earth
On July 24, the Apollo 11 spacecraft returned to Earth. The spacecraft crashed into the ocean and was picked up by the USS Hornet. US President Nixon himself was there to welcome the Astronauts, and a party was held in Los Angeles that evening for his success. Which included 447 governors and presidents of 83 countries. All 3 were awarded the “Presidential Medal of Freedom”. And these 3 became famous all over the world overnight.